An East Indian shrub (adhatoda vasica) of the family acanthaceae having leaves, root and seeds are used for their antipyretic and antispasmodic properties. Its Mayes, flowers, fruits and roots are extensively used for treating cold, cough, whooping cough, chronic bronchitis and asthma.


It is native to the Mediterranean region and has naturalized in many other locales. It grows satisfactorily in gardens in the UK climate, remaining in the garden from year to year by self-seeding. The mayes are edible and the plant is grown in gardens for that purpose in some parts of Europe. The plant also commercially cultivated for borage seed oil extracted from its seeds. Borage leaves also have been used for rheumatism, cold and bronchitis, as well as to increase lactation in women.


The jujube originated in China where these have been cultivated for more than 4,000 years and where there are over 900 cultiva. The plants traveled beyond Asia centuries ago and today are rs grown to some extent in Russia, northern Africa, south Europe, the Middle East and the south-western United States. Jujube extract combined with certain herbs like ginger, licence and mint. It soothes achy throat muscles.


Long Pepper is a climber, of South Asian origin (Deccan peninsula), cultivated for its fruit, which is usually dyed and used as a spice and seasoning. It helps in expelling out the mucus accumulated in the respiratory tract.


The root has been used since Egyptian antiquity in a honey-sweetened confection useful in the treatment of sore throat. The plant has the ability to soothe irritation of the mouth, throat and stomach, as well as to relieve coughing.


Licorice is a legume that is native to south Europe and parts of Asia. It is not botanically relatedto anise, star anise, or fennel; which are sources of similar flavoring compounds. It is good for sore throat, bronchitis, cough and infections caused by bacteria or viruses.


Lesser Galangal is native to the south-east coast of China. It was being used in Europe in the Middle Ages and brought in by trade from the Far East. An infusion of lesser galangal can be used to alleviate panful canker sores and sore gums.


Hyssopus (Hyssop) is a genus of about 10-12 species of herbaceous or semi-woody plants in the family Lamiaceae from the east Mediterranean to central Asia used far respiratory problems including coughs, the common cold, respiratory infections, sore throat and asthma.


This herb is native to Europe, Asia Minor and North Africa but M naturahzed widely in North America. It is beneficial for respiratory tract conditions; particularly dry an sore throat, stuffy nose, coughs, hoarseness and bronchitis.